Pilgrims Ways

Description

Santiago de CompostelaEver since the year 813, when the tomb of St.James was claimed to be (re-)discovered there, the city of Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain has attracted many thousands of Christian pilgrims from all parts of Europe, particularly in the Middle Ages. As a result, there is no single route or trail. Of course, it all depends on where you start your pilgrimage.

Almost every West European country has an association, society or confraternity dedicated to pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, often carrying the name of the apostle involved: St.James, known by numerous translations such as Sint Jacob, Sint Jakobus, Saint-Jacques, Sankt Jakob, Sant Iago, etc. These organisations all provide information on the pilgrimage to their members, and also issue an official internationally recognized ‘pilgrim pass'. Having collected the correct stamps en route, pass-holders are entitled to the official ‘Compostela' certificate to prove that the pilgrimage was accomplished as intended.

Four routes in France traditionally start from Paris, Le Puy, Vézelay and Arles. After crossing the Pyrenees they all join into one rather clearly defined route across the northwest of Spain. Symbol of the Santiago de Compostela Pilgrim Way(s) is a scallop shell, also used for waymarking the route (yellow scallop shell against a blue background).

Spain

Classic route

The classic Way of St. James is the Camino Francés. The three main Ways in France - Via Podiensis, Via Lemovicensis, Via Turonensis - come together in the Pyrenees and cross the mountains near Roncesvaux. Hence, the Camino Francés turns straight west over the plains of northern Spain to Santiago de Compostela, a walk of about a month.The fourth main Way from France - Via Tolosana - crosses the Pyrenees at Col du Somport, follows the Camino Aragonés in Spain, and joins the Camino Francés in Puente la Reina.

  • Camino Francés, Roncesvalles / Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port - Puente la Reina - Santiago de Compostela, 800 km, 32 days
  • Camino Aragonés, Col du Somport - Puente la Reina, 200 km, 8 days

Northern routes

You can imagine that the Camino Francés gets pretty crowded! Luckily, many alternatives have been developed over the years, some with historical relevance, others also a little bit for the pleasure of hiking:

From England

Pilgrims from England can cross by boat to La Coruña or Ferrol and walk on to Santiago:

  • Camino Inglés, Ferrol - Santiago de Compostela, 110 km, 5 days / La Coruña - Santiago de Compostela, 75 km, 3 days

From Portugal

And coming from Portugal, you can follow the Atlantic coast:

From Catalunya

If you rather prefer a totally different approach, you can start in eastern Spain, Catalunya. There is even an option by crossing the Pyrenees in the far east, Le Perthus:

Mediterranean coast

Going down the Mediterranean coast, we meet new posibilities, starting in the province of Valencia for example:

South

Becoming more popular, are the Ways that start in the south of Spain, long and hot and feasting on the Reconquista

France

France has been quick in developing the modern pilgrim routes to Santiago de Compostela. Four main Ways have been laid out, based on historical relevance. These Ways pass numerous churches and other religious monuments dedicated to the mediaeval pilgrimage to Santiago, and this alone makes France a splendid pilgrimage destination. Moreover, pilgrims from Europe had to cross the Pyrenees and to have lengthy wanderings through France if they wanted to visit the holy grave of St. Jacob.

Via Turonensis

Let’s start with these four main Ways. The westernmost is the Via Turonensis, leaving from Paris, passing Tours ending in Ostabat in the Pyrenees. In modern France this is the GR655. In Spain, this Way continues as Camino Francés. Below are the main and side itineraries:

Via Lemovicencis

Next, parallel to the previous Way, is the Via Lemovicencis, popular for pilgrims from northern Europe. The modern version is the GR654, but be aware that this GR takes a different route from the official pilgrims way. Both routes are, in terms of landscape, more interesting than the first Way over Paris.

Via Podiensis

The third main route, and like the previous one a pretty route too, is the Way over Le Puy-en-Velay, the Via Podiensis. This has been dubbed the GR65. This important Way was and is used by pilgrims from the south and central Europe, from Hungary to Poland.

Via Tolosana

The fourth main Way is the Via Tolosana, bringing pilgrims from Italy, and connecting to the other important pilgrim destination, Rome. Traveling via Toulouse, these pilgrims cross the Pyrenees at the Col du Somport. The state name is GR653.

New Ways

Modern times and modern devotion asks for new horizons. So, we are not done with mentioning the four main Ways. New ways have been developed over the last years.

  • Voie Littorale, Pointe de Grave (Gironde) - Bayonne / Irun, 370 km, 15 days

Belgium

Belgium has a dense network of pilgrim ways. They run north-south, and bring pilgrims from Holland, Flanders and Wallonia to France. The Belgian Ways of Saint James connect to the Via Turonensis over Paris and the Via Lemovicensis over Vézelay. There are five main clusters of trails.

Central-west

One of the main routes is the central-west route connecting the west of the Netherlands to the Via Turonensis, GR655.

Central-east

The second important route runs parallel to the Via Brabantica, connecting ‘s-Hertogenbosch in the Netherlands to Namur in Belgium. This route connects to Vézelay, the Via Lemovicensis.

Shortcuts

Between these two main vines of the Way of Saint James in Belgium, several shortcuts are available so that if you change your mind, and turn to Paris instead of Vézelay, or vice versa.

  • Via Thiérache, Olloy-sur-Viroin - Saint-Quentin, 120 km, 5 days
  • GR126, Brussels - Namur - Membre-sur-Semois, 224 km, 9 days

East

The third route is probably the most popular one for Dutch Pilgrims, not because it is the shortest, but rather because it is a nice one to walk. It connects the Pelgrimspad to the Vézalay route, the GR654.

West

Then we should mention a coastal route from the Netherlands, entering Belgium at Sluis. This route is bending east and connects to the Via Turonensis.

  • Via Brugensis, Sluis (nl) - Brugge (be) - Sebourg (fr), 150 km, 6 days
  • Via Scaldea, Sluis (nl) - Gent (be) - Pecq, 67 km 3 days
  • GR122, Sebourg - St Fergueux

Ardennes

And finally, a nice route is being developed in the Ardennes.

  • Via Arduinna, Aken / Luik / Malmedy - Orval, 220 km, 9 days

Netherlands

The Netherlands is a country of hiking fervents, so it is not surprising that there are quite a number of pilgrim ways crisscrossing the country. One will clearly observe a difference between those trails that are meant to please the senses, and those that are meant to call upon as many churches as possible. The latter are recognisable by their fancy mediaeval names starting with “Jacobsweg”.

Due to the country’s geographical location, there are two obvious directions to Santiago de Compostela: one over Paris (Via Turonensis) and one over Vézelay (Via Lemovicensis). Since the latter is far more popular, most Dutch pilgrims follow Ways to Limburg, the southeastern corner bordering Belgium and Germany.

Coastal Way to Paris

Let’s start with the option over Paris along the coast. Starting in Wieringen or in Den Oever, the pilgrims head for Haarlem.

From Haarlem, the path continues south more or less along the coast. In Schipluiden is a bifurcation: one way goes east to Antwerpen,the other continues south. Continuing south, there is a second split in Vlissingen. One way goes to Brugge in Belgium, the other to Gent in Belgium.

In Belgium, continue the pilgrimage on the Via Brugensis (over Brugge), Via Scaldea (over Gent), or Via Brabantica (over Antwerpen).

Main Way to Paris

The other pilgrim way to Paris has historic roots. The start is in the north of the country, either in the village Sint-Jacobiparochie or in the town Uithuizen. These Ways head for the village Hasselt. Then the route continues to Utrecht, Breda and Antwerpen in Belgium.

In Belgium, continue on the Via Brabantica.

There is an alternative: the GR12 connects Amsterdam to Paris. The Dutch part of the GR12 is called the Floris V-Pad.

  • Floris V-pad, LAW1-3, Amsterdam - Bergen op Zoom, 245 km, 10 days
  • GR12, Amsterdam - Paris, 977 km, 40 days

Main Way to Vézelay

Two Ways connect the busy west of the country to the province of Limburg and Vézelay. The Pelgrimspad is primarily a trail for walkers enjoying the countryside. The Jacobsweg Amstelredam is primarily a trail for pilgrims enjoying cities and cathedrals.

From Maastricht, continue your pilgrimage on the Via Mosana to Namur. A second option is to leave the Netherlands in the little town of Thorn and follow the Via Limburgica.

Eastern Way to Vézelay

Things get a bit complicated here. The same paths in the north of the Netherlands that are used to go to Paris, are also frequented by pilgrims heading for Vézelay. Hasselt has the key to this mystery: the village is a main intersection of pilgrim ways.

From Hasselt, continue on the Jacobsweg Nieumeghen. Halfway, in the old city Doesburg, pilgrims from Oldenzaal will join you. This part of the Way is more or less the same as the Hanzestedenpad.

In Nijmegen one can continue south. But the real pilgrim will make a large detour to ‘s-Hertogenbosch, an important religious center of the Netherlands. The direct Way to Vézelay heads for Maastricht and Liège, Belgium. This route is sometimes on German territory, sometimes on Dutch territory, and even sometimes on Belgian territory.

From Maastricht, continue on the Via Mosana. Or - alternatively - follow the Via Limburgica starting from Thorn.

Switzerland

In Switzerland, the route follows ...

 

Carte

Pilgrims Ways North

Pilgrims Ways Mid

Pilgrims Ways South West

Sentiers

Livres

Cicerone Press
United Kingdom
2019
  • The Via Francigena Canterbury to Rome - Part 2
  • An essential guidebook for anyone planning to walk the Via Francigena pilgrim route from Canterbury to Rome. Part 2 describes 940km of the pilgrimage from the Great St Bernard Pass to Rome. Contains all the planning information you need for your journey, including details of facilities and accommodation along the route. Lire la suite
  • Also available from:
  • The Book Depository, United Kingdom
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
2015
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2013
  • Wandelgids - Pelgrimsroute Via Francigena part 2 | Cicerone
  • An essential guidebook for anyone planning to walk the Via Francigena pilgrim route from Canterbury to Rome. Part 2 describes 940km of the pilgrimage from the Great St Bernard Pass to Rome. Contains all the planning information you need for your journey, including details of facilities and accommodation along the route. Lire la suite
» Click to close
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Le Chemin du Vézelay: de la Bourgogne aux Pyrénéees
  • Le Chemin du Vézelay: de la Bourgogne aux Pyrénéees covers the one of most popular routes of the Way of St. James in France, from the cathedral in Vézelay, across the La Charité-sur-Loire, Bourges, La Souterraine, Limoges, Périgueux, Ste-Foy-la-Grande, Bazas, Mont-de-Marsan and Orthez to Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.This title is part of a series of... Lire la suite
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Chemins de St.Jacques: Cluny/Lyon - Le Puy à pied
  • Chemins de St.Jacques: Cluny/Lyon-Le Puy à pied from Chamina presents the route overprinted on IGN’s 1:50,000 topographic survey with details of accommodation, local services and other tourist information.Each stage is shown on extracts from IGN`s 1:50,000 topographic survey cross-referenced to the descriptions of the route. Symbols indicate... Lire la suite
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Les Chemins de St-Jacques au Pays Basque
  • Les Chemins de St-Jacques au Pays Basque covers two routes of the Way of St James in the Basque country: le Chemin de Baztán and le Chemin de Saint-Palais á la côte. The former links Bayonne, Saint-Jean de Luz and Urdax, extending south to Pamplona; the latter links Sare to Saint Palais via Esplette. This is one of the titles in a series of... Lire la suite
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
  • Marcher a Paris sur les pas des pelerins de Compostelle 2009
  • C'est à partir du XIIième siècle que les pèlerins originaires du nord de la France, d'Angleterre, d'Allemagne du Nord, des Flandres et des Pays-Bas, des pays scandinaves, de Pologne, et de plus loin encore, commencent à affluer en direction de la Galice. Tout naturellement, ils convergent vers Paris pour... Lire la suite
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
2013
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
2010
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2010
» Click to close
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
2013
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
  • Compostelle - Routes De Compostelle En France 2010
  • A la rencontre du patrimoine sur les voies de Tours et du PuyDu milieu des années 1980 à aujourd'hui, les pèlerins allant à Compostelle sont passés de quelques centaines à 180 000 par an ! Si la plupart d'entre eux s'y rendent à pied, on y compte des croyants, des athées, agnostiques,... Lire la suite
Stanfords
United Kingdom
2013
  • GR145: The Via Francigena in Pas-de-Calais FFRP Topo-guide No. 1451
  • The first stage in France of the Via Francigena, one of the great medieval pilgrim routes, in a bilingual English / French topoguide with colour extracts from IGN’s topographic survey at 1:50,000, accommodation recommendations, etc.The guide covers a 12 day - 235km long section from Calais to Rocquigny, including parts of WWI Western Front in... Lire la suite
  • Also available from:
  • The Book Depository, United Kingdom
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
2013
  • The Via Francigena in Pas-de-Calais GR145 12 stages 2012
  • Guide FFRandonnée La Via Francigena à travers le Pas-de-Calais - GR 145 - 245 Km de sentiers GR.Ancienne voie de pèlerinage, au même titre que les chemins de Saint-Jacques ou du Mont-Saint-Michel, ce topo-guide bilingue français/anglais (une grande première !) comprend les 245 premiers kilomètres français de l'itinéraire ancestral reliant... Lire la suite
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2013
  • Wandelgids 1451 La Via Francigena à travers le Pas-de-Calais | FFRP
  • Guide FFRandonnée La Via Francigena à travers le Pas-de-Calais - GR 145 - 245 Km de sentiers GR.Ancienne voie de pèlerinage, au même titre que les chemins de Saint-Jacques ou du Mont-Saint-Michel, ce topo-guide bilingue français/anglais (une grande première !) comprend les 245 premiers kilomètres français de l'itinéraire ancestral reliant... Lire la suite
» Click to close
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
  • Bourgogne Chemin Cistercien 2011
  • Ce guide propose un itinéraire patrimonial, culturel et spirituel en dix étapes qui ont pour trait d'union les abbayes de l'ordre cistercien. Il forme ainsi un parcours de 220 km sur le territoire bourguignon.Le Chemin Cistercien évoque, par son itinéraire, la remarquable histoire de la fondation de l'ordre... Lire la suite
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2008
Bol.com
Netherlands
2012
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
2012
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2012
» Click to close
Plus de livres …

Cartes

Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
De Zwerver
Netherlands
» Click to close
Plus de cartes …

Walking holidays

Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Via Francigena: Stage 5: Aulla to San Miniato
  • Self guided walking tour following the Via Francigena through northern and central Tuscany. Originating in the historical region of Lunigiana, an area of great gastronomy, lush green meadows and waterfalls, your walking tour along the Via Francigena takes you from Aulla at the foot of the Apennines, along the coast into northern Tuscany and the... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Camino Stage 2 - Logrono to Burgos Self Guided Walking Holiday
  • Stage 2 Camino - Logrono to Burgos 7 day and 6 night self guided walking holiday. Walk from Logrono, in the region of Rioja to the medieval city of Burgos on the second stage of the Camino. The first part of this stage is relatively easy and the landscape is dominated by vineyards, as you head towards Santa Domingo country roads dominate and... Lire la suite
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Spanje - Asturië & Galicië
  • Wandelvakantie naar Spanjes groene noorden. Van de imposante kalkmassieven van de Picos de Europa tot de ruige ria-kusten van Finisterre. Aandacht voor het pre-romaanse culturele erfgoed van Asturië (Asturias). Wandelen over de Camino de Santiago en bezoek aan de beroemde bedevaartsstad. Overnachting in comfortabele hotels. Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Full Camino Le Puy Way
  • Self guided walking tour on the Camino Le Puy Way from Le-Puy-en-Velay to St Jean Pied de Port. Walk the Full Camino Le Puy Way from Le-Puy-en-Velay to St. Jean Pied de Port, where the Camino de Santiago French Way begins. This journey has been a pilgrimage route for hundreds of years and is filled with interest from start to finish. It is... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Camino Stage 4 - Leon to O'Cebreiro Self Guided Walking Holiday
  • Stage 4 of the Camino de Santiago takes you from the wonderful city of Leon to the quaint village of O'Cebriero. Walk from the beautiful city of Leon to O'Cebreiro on the Camino Frances. As you leave the plateau of Leon you will see the mountains up ahead as you head to Astorga. This part of the countryside is characterised by broom, heather,... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Camino Portugués: Stage 1: Lisbon to Santarém Self Guided Walking Holiday
  • The first stage of the Camino Portugués - Lisbon to Santarém. This first stage of the Camino Portugués is relatively flat and easy going apart from the short climb up to Santarém at the very end of the section. Starting off in the vibrant city of Lisbon you walk north and eventually escape the urban sprawl to arrive in the ‘Garden of Portugal.’... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Via Francigena: Stage 6: San Miniato to San Quirico
  • Self guided walking tour following the Via Francigena through central Tuscany. Explore the central belt of iconic Tuscan landscapes and a distinctive trio of medieval towns; Siena, San Gimignano and Monteriggioni. This stage of the Via Francigena takes you from the charming village of San Miniato to San Quirico situated on the northern edge of... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Camino Portugués: Stage 4: Porto to Tui Self Guided Walking Holiday
  • This stage crosses the border from Portugal to Spain across the Minho river. On this trip you cross the border from Portugal into Spain when crossing the international bridge over the Minho river. During the course of the trip you will pass through a variety of landscapes, from the urban sprawl of Porto to rolling green hills and stretches of... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Camino del Norte Stage 3 Self Guided Walking Holiday
  • Walk the third stage of the Camino del Norte, from Santander to Gijón. Walk the third stage of the Camino del Norte from Santander to Gijon. Walking along wild Cantabrian coastline from Santander takes you through some lovely little fishing villages. The coastline is stunning with quiet beaches and bursting with bird and sea life. You will... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Camino del Norte Self Guided Walking Holiday
  • Walk the full Camino del Norte. A dramatic and sometimes challenging route to Santiago, this Camino more accurately reflects the true pilgrim experience. Taking you from San Sebastian along the north coast of Spain to Santiago de Compostela, the route alternates between dramatic coast, rugged Galician mountains and some of the best cities in... Lire la suite
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Spanje - Camino de Santiago
  • Op de fiets van kathedraal van Léon, een gotische meesterwerk, via de Camino de Santiago naar het graf van Jacobus in Santiago. Van de droge hoogvlaktes van Castilla-Léon over de bergen van de Montes de Léon en de Cordilliera Cantabrica naar de groene heuvels van Galicië. Ontelbare voeten gingen je voor. De bedevaart naar het graf van apostel... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Camino Le Puy Way: Stage 5
  • Self guided walking tour on the Camino Le Puy Way from Lectoure to Aire sur l'Adour. The Camino Le Puy Way stage 5 meanders through the regions of La Gers and Gascony. This region is renowned for its gastronomy. Your journey begins in the town of Lectoure which sits high above the Gers River, has a natural spa and a 15th century cathedral... Lire la suite
Macs Adventure
United Kingdom
  • Camino Le Puy Way: Stage 2
  • Self-guided walking tour Stage 2 of the Camino Le Puy Way. Walk Stage 2 of the Camino Le Puy Way through the south west of France from Nasbinals to Conques. This is an ancient pilgrimage route that takes you along the Grand Randonnée 65 and through contrasting landscapes from the high plateau of the Aubrac to the lush valley of the... Lire la suite
More walking holidays…

Forum

  1. Annuler
  • rubio90 2019-09-18 13:58:58
  • Buy high-quality database registered/false, driver’s license, ID cards, ((docconsultancy99@gmail.com))
  • Buy high-quality database registered/false, driver’s license, ID cards, ((docconsultancy99@gmail.com))



    24Document Consultants is the most reliable company and can help you with all your false driving license and ID cards and genuine driver's license and ID cards needs. We make high-quality fake, as well as registered driving licenses, ID cards,
    for countries like the UK, Ireland, Germany, Italy, and Austria, etc
    Website: 24documentconsultants.com
    WhatsApp; +1 432 294 5725
    Contact: docconsultancy99@gmail.com
    Skype: doc.consultancy2
    Wickr me: docsconsult24

    Our services

    https://24documentconsultants.com/uk-drivers-license/
Annuler
  • charlie08 2019-08-24 01:51:22
  • Kaufen Sie eine hochwertige, registrierte / gefälschte Datenbank, einen deutschen Führerschein, einen Personalausweis ((docconsultancy99@gmail.com))
  • Kaufen Sie eine hochwertige, registrierte / gefälschte Datenbank, einen deutschen Führerschein, einen Personalausweis ((docconsultancy99@gmail.com))



    24Document Consultants ist das zuverlässigste Unternehmen und kann Ihnen bei all Ihren gefälschten deutschen Führerschein- und deutschen Personalausweisen sowie den Anforderungen an echte deutsche Führerscheine und deutsche Personalausweise behilflich sein. Wir fertigen hochwertige gefälschte, sowie registrierte deutsche Führerscheine, Personalausweise,
    Sie können bei uns online einen gefälschten deutschen Führerschein und einen deutschen Personalausweis bestellen und können sicher sein, dass Sie mit einem hochwertigen gefälschten deutschen Führerschein und einem deutschen Personalausweis ausgestattet sind, die nicht nachweisbar sind. Beste
Annuler
  • Dr James Eric 2019-07-26 00:21:37
  • URGENT LOAN OFFER
  • Dearest Esteems,

    We are Offering best Global Financial Service rendered to the general public with maximum satisfaction,maximum risk free. Do not miss this opportunity. Join the most trusted financial institution and secure a legitimate financial empowerment to add meaning to your life/business.

    Contact Dr. James Eric Firm via
    Email: fastloanoffer34@gmail.com
    Whatsapp +918929509036
    Best Regards,
    Dr. James Eric.
    Executive Investment
    Consultant./Mediator/Facilitator
Annuler
  • Charlse Watson 2019-07-21 14:07:12
  • BUY HIGH QUALITY REAL/FAKE PASSPORTS,DRIVERS LICENSE(charlselwatson@gmail.com),ID CARDS,Counterfeits Bank notes,TOEFL,IELTS,TOEIC,SSN,divorce papers, green cards Etc
  • BUY HIGH QUALITY REAL/FAKE PASSPORTS,DRIVERS LICENSE(charlselwatson@gmail.com),ID CARDS,Counterfeits Bank notes Etc

    Buy counterfeit,real fake passport, drivers license, id card(charlselwatson@gmail.com)

    OBTAIN OR BUY HIGH QUALITY FAKE PASSPORT, ID CARDS , DRIVERS LICENSE,TOEFL,IELTS,TOEIC

    We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, identity cards, visas, birth certificates

    TOEFL,IELTS,TOEIC and other documents for a number of countries like:

    USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Mexico, Netherlands, South

    Africa, Spain, United Kingdom, etc.

    To get the addi
Annuler
  • Charlse Watson 2019-07-21 13:58:50
  • Betachems.com ,4EMC, FUB-AMB, MMBC ,NM-2201 , U47770 ,jw-h018 ,Jwh, 5fadb, 4F-PVP,CARFENTANIL FOR SALE
  • email:globalresearchchemshop8@gmail.com or Skype:darrenrussel7
    Our product list is in below: Big crystal methylone White crystal EP( Ethylphenidate ) White crystal pv8 Bk-mdma AM-2201 hydromorphone , W-15, W-18, 4F-PVPJWH-018 5FAKB48 5FUR-144 MDPV 5-APB 6-APB 2C-E 4MMC 5fpb-22 P
    entedrone a-PVP 4-FA 25I-NBOME 25B-NBOME 25C-NBOME NM-2201 THJ-2201 SDB-006 URB597 4-CMC A-PVT Oxycodone Ketamine Ephedrine Mephedrone Dimethylone(M11) 4F-APVP 5-MEO-MIPT 4-ACO-DMT ,u47770 ,CARFENTANILemail:globalresearchchemshop8@gmail.com or Skype:darrenrussel7
Annuler
Plus de questions …